Located in the middle of modern-day Luxor, with its main axis running parallel to the Nile, Luxor Temple is the town`s centerpiece.
Largely built by Amenophis 3 (1417-1379BC) and Ramses 2 (1304-1237BC), and dedicated to the Theban Triad (Amun-Min, Mut and Khonsu), this temple has a richly layered history, mush of which can still be discovered in its inscriptions and carvings. Alexander the Great converted one of the antechambers into a sanctuary for the "sacred boat of amun", a replica of the god`s solar boat that during religious celebrations was paraded through town. Under Roman Emperor Diocletian (284-305 AD), the temple became a military camp.
Some rare paintings from this period, located on the south end of the main axis, were recently restored. Diocletian was known for persecuting Christians, but a couple of centuries after his death portions of the temple were converted once more, this time into churches.
Later still, the Mosque of Abul Haggag (named after the 12th century Baghdad-born mystic who lived and died here) was built alongside a temple wall. Luxor Temple was largely covered in sand until the 19th century, and as a result is wonderfully preserved. Like other local monuments, it owes its survival partly to a favorable climate, but above all to the mastery of its builders. The Egyptians called their temples the houses of eternity and they have, so far, outlasted time.
sound and light. Not to be missed, this dramatic narration, offered nightly in several languages, helps make sense of karnak’s long and complicated history. but the best part is the amazing experience of walking around the temple by the light of the moon and stars.